The nine-month joint feasibility study was conducted in collaboration with BOC, a division of Linde, and provides an overview of technical insights into needs and distribution alternatives for the fuel.
For heavy-duty transport applications, dispensing costs and station design factors were also investigated.
It concluded that the greatest method for boosting the UK market in the short term is to distribute hydrogen as compressed gas through road trailers.
Both liquid and gaseous hydrogen have the potential to eventually contribute to the reduction of emissions for heavy-duty transportation as the market grows.
In order to build and implement a preliminary network for transport hydrogen refueling infrastructure in the UK, BP and BOC are now looking at the potential to work together.
Although they only account for 5% of vehicle kilometers, heavy goods trucks (HGVs) contributed more than 15% of UK road transport exhaust emissions in 2019.
As a result, adopting low carbon fuel to power vehicles would significantly aid in achieving climate targets.
In order to decarbonize heavy industries and processes that are more challenging to electrify, hydrogen is viewed as essential.