Fraunhofer and Veolia research hydrogen production from waste

The Fraunhofer institutes and Veolia are handling the manufacture of the gas from garbage in order to have hydrogen accessible regardless of the quantity of sun and wind.

The Fraunhofer Institute for Environmental, Safety and Energy Technology (Umsicht) is examining ways to produce hydrogen from garbage as part of a study. The goal is to create hydrogen in a way that is climate-neutral and unreliant on the sun or wind.

Then, this environmentally friendly hydrogen can be used to power fuel cells or in the semiconductor industry. Additionally collaborating in the current study are Veolia Umweltservice Süd GmbH & Co. KG and the Fraunhofer Institute for Surface Engineering and Thin Films (IST). Organic waste will be used as a starting point for alternative hydrogen production.

The project’s partners are specifically looking to create a two-step technique that will allow them to extract high-purity hydrogen from biogenic alternative fuels like sewage sludge. The biogenic leftovers are to be converted into a hydrogen-rich synthesis gas using a thermo-chemical method as the first stage. High-purity hydrogen will subsequently be separated using metal-coated membranes. A higher quality material disposal and a comprehensive internal disposal within the organization are benefits for the waste disposal company.

A crucial additional element of the national hydrogen plan, which calls for the use of hydrogen to rebuild Germany as an industrial location in a climate-friendly way, is the process of decentralized generation of high-purity hydrogen. It can be used to dramatically enhance the amount of green hydrogen produced locally. In addition, dangers associated with dependencies, a lack of supply security, or a greater reliance on fossil fuels are diminished.