Hydrogen Council has shown rapid acceleration of hydrogen projects in response to government commitments to deep decarbonization.
Developed in collaboration with McKinsey & Company, “Hydrogen Insights 2021: A Perspective on Hydrogen Investment, Deployment and Cost Competitiveness” offers a comprehensive perspective on market deployment around the world, investment momentum as well as implications on cost competitiveness of hydrogen solutions.
As of early 2021, over 30 countries have released hydrogen roadmaps and governments worldwide have committed public funding in support of decarbonization through hydrogen technologies.
No less than 228 large-scale projects have been announced along the value chain, with 85% located in Europe, Asia, and Australia. These include large-scale industrial usage, transport applications, integrated hydrogen economy, infrastructure, and giga-scale production projects.
If all announced projects come to fruition, total investments will reach more than $300 billion in spending through 2030. Of this investment $80 billion can currently be considered “mature” – meaning that these projects are in the planning stage, have passed a final investment decision (FID), or are under construction, already commissioned, or operational.
Anticipating continued growth in scale, the report confirms that – from a total cost of ownership (TCO) perspective – hydrogen can become the most competitive low-carbon solution in more than 20 applications by 2030, including long haul trucking, shipping and steel.
Two factors will be critical in achieving this result: first, it is essential that governments sustain their commitments to deep decarbonization, backed by financial support, regulation and clear hydrogen strategies and targets, and translate these into long-term regulatory frameworks.
Second, deployment approaches must target key “unlocks” such as reducing the cost of hydrogen production and distribution that will have the most significant impact on the rest of the industry.
Deployment through clusters with strong off-takers will help suppliers share both investments and risks while establishing positive reinforcing loops.
“A huge step in the fight against climate change has been taken, as both governments and investors now fully grasp the role hydrogen can play in the energy transition. Now, to bring this potential to its full fruition, governments, investors and industrial companies must work together to scale up the hydrogen ecosystem around the world. Their collaboration in the coming months will allow for many of the projects around the world to become a reality and to turn hydrogen into a new, clean, abundant and competitive energy carrier.”Benoît Potier, chairman and CEO of Air Liquide and co-chair of the Hydrogen Council.
“Hydrogen can help to unlock deep decarbonization and achieve global climate targets. The Hydrogen Council is proud to provide comprehensive global data and serve as a knowledge partner not only to the industry but also governments, investors, think tanks, civil society and other key stakeholders working towards a clean energy transition around the world.”Takeshi Uchiyamada, chairman of the Board of Toyota Motor Corporation and co-chair of the Hydrogen Council.
“We are seeing a new level of maturity for the hydrogen industry, and this is only set to accelerate. Hydrogen Council members collectively are planning a sixfold increase in total hydrogen investments through 2025 and a 16-fold increase through 2030. The plan is to direct most of this investment toward capital expenditures, while collaborations, consolidations and innovation will also be a key focus.”Daryl Wilson, executive director of the Hydrogen Council.
“In the scale-up of the hydrogen ecosystem, we see interesting patterns emerge: short-term, around 40% of investments flow into hydrogen production, and most projects target heavy transport and industrial clusters such as ammonia, refineries and steel. We are excited to collaborate with the Hydrogen Council in this journey to realize hydrogen’s full potential.”Bernd Heid, senior partner at McKinsey & Company.