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India could produce hydrogen from coal

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According to a government-appointed panel of experts, India has the potential to produce hydrogen from its own coal, and the country should move forward with this option aggressively.

Using hydrogen as an alternative to liquid and fossil fuels is a viable option. More than 90% of all known matter contains this element, making it the most prevalent in the universe.

Ideally, the coal gasification plants should be located near hydrogen production facilities or coal mines themselves. Because of the high cost of transporting hydrogen at this time, economics had to be considered before deciding where gasification plants should be built.

This, according to the report, will allow for the use of hydrogen produced from coal in industries currently relying on natural gas imported from outside the country. As previously stated by the coal ministry, there is a concern that carbon emissions may occur during the process of extracting hydrogen from coal (which comes from the moisture embedded in coal).

About 6.7 million tonnes of hydrogen will be needed in 2021, with about 54% (3.6 million tonnes) going to petroleum refining, 3 million tonnes going to fertilizer production, and 0.1 million tonnes going to DRI (Direct Reduced Iron) using gas as a feedstock.

Hydrogen demand in the country is expected to rise to 11.7 million metric tons by 2030, with refineries using 6.8 million metric tons, fertilizer using 4.6 million metric tons, and DRI steel making 0.3 million metric tons.

Hydrogen has a wide range of end-use applications, from transportation to electric power to industry, that could be significantly expanded in the future. By 2050, the market is expected to grow to 28 million tons.

Anela Dokso

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