A team of scientists from Latvia, in collaboration with experts from Romania, Spain, and Germany, is pioneering an innovative solution that could revolutionize hydrogen production: artificial intelligence.
As nations worldwide look to phase out internal combustion engines and move toward greener transport options, hydrogen-powered vehicles are gaining momentum. The allure of hydrogen lies in its zero-emission capabilities and its potential to cover long distances, making it an appealing choice for various modes of transport.
The challenge, though, has been the cost associated with hydrogen production. Currently, hydrogen is often derived from natural gas, a process known to be energy-intensive and costly. But this collaborative effort, led by Latvian scientists, seeks to turn the tide by developing a more cost-effective approach.
This is where the power of artificial intelligence comes into play. Scientists from Latvia University of Biosciences and Technologies (LUBT), in collaboration with their European counterparts, are working on harnessing “green” energy sources like solar and wind power to produce hydrogen more efficiently.
At the heart of this innovation is the use of water electrolysis equipment to produce hydrogen. However, the key challenge is when and how to operate this equipment optimally. To address this, the scientists are developing a digital model, often referred to as a “digital twin,” that accurately reflects what happens in the real hydrogen production device.
Vitaly Komashilov, another leading researcher at LUBT, elucidates the significance of this digital twin: “To produce hydrogen, water electrolysis equipment is used. It can be controlled at different levels. The equipment is controlled at the lowest level; these are quite complex physical processes.”
The digital twin advises when to start the hydrogen production plant to ensure it operates at its best efficiency over the coming days or weeks. The goal is to create a system that produces hydrogen during periods of energy abundance, typically when there’s ample sunshine and strong winds.
In essence, this artificial intelligence-driven model will not only streamline the hydrogen production process but also ensure that it’s in sync with the availability of abundant energy resources. This will significantly reduce the costs associated with hydrogen production, paving the way for a greener and more sustainable energy future.
The potential implications of this research extend far beyond Latvia’s borders. As the global quest for cleaner energy intensifies, hydrogen production innovations like these could play a pivotal role in a cleaner, more sustainable world. Latvia, alongside its European partners, is leading the charge towards a hydrogen revolution, heralding a brighter and cleaner energy future.