A green ammonia Power-to-X (PtX) plant is forthcoming from Topsoe and Mintal Hydrogen Energy Technology in China.
For the project in Baotou, Inner Mongolia, which is scheduled to start production in 2025, Mintal Hydrogen has selected Topsoe as its technological partner. According to the firms, with a first-phase capacity of 1,800 tonnes of green ammonia per day and 390,000 tonnes annually, it is the “first” dynamic green hydrogen factory in China.
The production of green ammonia is anticipated to replace around 850,000 tonnes of coal and eliminate more than 2 million tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere per year.
The facility will be Topsoe’s first PtX project in China and will include dynamic ammonia technology to ensure optimal production and accommodate the cyclical nature of wind turbine power output. It will be less expensive than employing hydrogen storage because the electrolysis unit will be directly powered by clean energy from wind turbines.
Additionally, Topsoe will provide its process licensing, engineering design package, exclusive machinery, and catalysts. Only a small portion of the world’s 80 million tonnes of hydrogen generated each year, of which China produces roughly 34 million tonnes, is created by electrolysis using sporadic renewable energy (IRE).
China presently produces specialized hydrogen using more than two thirds coal and practically all natural gas, which results in large emissions. According to The Institute for Energy Research, China’s CO2 emissions in 2020 exceeded those of the United States, the European Union, and India put together.
The Industrial Sector Peak Carbon Implementation Plan, which seeks to replace hydrogen produced by electrolysis powered by IRE with hydrogen produced from coal, will be in line with the proposed facility from Topsoe and Mintal Hydrogen.